Posted by: Sam Swan | August 1, 2011

Types of Saws

As you may be aware there are a variety of different saws, some electric/powered and some hand held ones but, all are as dangerous as each other and suitable for different jobs. The more you get involved with the industry, the more you will need to know about the types and styles of saws to avoid any unwanted accidents.

Let’s take a closer look at some of the more typical types of saw there are.

Power Saws:

The majority of power saws are light weight, making it easy for even novices to do professional work. Most new power saws are equipped with a laser which provides a lighted line for you to follow, making it easier to work with. You’ll know exactly where to cut, with the laser lights, generally red to make it easier to see.


The chainsaw is the most common power saw available and run with either electric power or gas power. An electric chainsaw is ideal for trimming hedges and bushes around properties, if you are somebody who doesn’t do DIY all the time. However, if you are a big DIY enthuses then a gas chainsaw would be ideal and comes with different sized chains like the electric ones. You can purchase a small 8″ electric chainsaw all the way up to a 36″ chain saw. They make the chains larger than that but for special purposes.


Circular Saw:

The circular saw is a versatile saw and is a great choice if you want a saw that will replace a lot of other saws. The blades for circular saws are designed so there is a blade that you can use to cut just about anything including, wood, plastic and metal. However, make sure you choose the right blade and has adequate amperage, with a safely located on/off switch for easy use.


Miter/Mitre Saw:

A mitre saw is sometimes referred to as a chop saw and is in fact another type of circular saw. It’s most commonly used for cross cutting and cutting accurate angles. A mitre saw is most commonly used by the professional for framing or moulding projects.


Scroll Saw:

Scroll saws are used for very detailed work and quite similar to the band saw but, have a removal blade. You can then insert into a drilled hole and reinstalled the blade and continue cutting.

Hand Saws:

Hand saws, like powered ones, come in different shapes and sizes, depending on the type of use.

Cross Cut Saw:

Cross Cut saws are designed for making cuts that are perpendicular to the grain of the wood and the teeth will be set in a wide alternating bevel. The length of this kind of hand saw can range from 55 to 70 cm and will have between 8 to 12 teeth in each inch of the blades length. This type of saw is generally used for quick rough cutting such as when shortening the length of a piece of wood.

cross cut saw

Rip Cut Saw:

Rip Cut saws are used for cutting along the grain of the wood and so they are sharpened to ensure that the top of the teeth on the blade do the cutting. This type of saw has teeth that are generally at a right angle and have a pitch of 85 and 90 degrees in relation to the blade itself. Again the length of this saw ranges between 60 and 70 cm, however it only has between 5.5 and 7 teeth to each inch of the blades length compared to the cross cut saw. However it is important that you use this saw with the grain as by cutting across the grain you will find the edge of the wood will become ragged.

Panel Saw:

A panel saw is much shorter in length that a regular cross cut saw and much easier to carry. This type of saw is used for cutting thin wood and larger joints. Compared to the cross cut saw the length of a panel saw ranges between 45 and 60 cm but it has between 8 and 12 teeth in each inch of the blades length.

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